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8 Basic Grammar Rules in English PDF Download

8 Basic Grammar Rules in English

Basic Grammar in the English system and formation of a language or of languages in general. It is the rules that govern the way words collaborate to form phrases, clauses, and sentences. It includes the way words are declared and the way they are modified to convey meaning. Grammar is an important aspect of language because it allows speakers to communicate effectively and to be understood by others. It also helps to create a sense of order and formation in language, which makes it easier to learn and use. In this article, we will discuss 8 Basic Grammar Rules in English.

Why Grammar is Important?

Grammar is important because it helps to make the sure clear and effective communication. It allows us to convey our thoughts and ideas in a way that is logical and easy for others to understand. It also helps to make sure that our writing and speech are correct and compatible. Good grammar helps to build reliability and can make us appear more professional and cleverer. Additionally, grammar helps to establish a shared set of rules that speakers of a language can use to communicate with one another.

Basic Grammar Rules: English Sentence Structure

How are English sentences put together? And what are their roles? It depends on your mother tongue, as it may make you find English sentence structure easy or quite difficult. Some English languages ​​put sentences together in this way, but others are very different in this regard.

Here is the list of 8 Basic Grammar Rules in English

Use of Adjectives and adverbs Correctly

Adjectives and adverbs are words that modify, or express nouns and verbs.
Adjectives describe nouns and pronouns and generally come before the word they modify.

For example:

  • The tall tree. (The adjective “tall” express the noun “tree.”)
  • She is a talented musician.(The adjective “talented” express the noun “musician.”)

Adverbs describe verbs, adjectives, and other adverbs, and can be placed in different positions in a sentence depending on the type of adverb.

For example:

  • She sings beautifully. (The adverb “beautifully” expresses the verb “sings.”)
  • The cat is very cute. (The adverb “very” expresses the adjective “cute.”)
  • He runs extremely fast. (The adverb “extremely” expresses the adjective “fast.”)

To use adjectives and adverbs correctly, it’s important to be clear and certain in your language and to make sure that the word you choose is the suitable one for the word it’s modifying. For example, “The cat is very cute” is correct, but “The cat is very cutesy” is not, because “cutesy” is not an adjective that can be used to express something as cute.

What are Complete Sentences?

A complete sentence is a group of words that hold a subject and a verb and describe a complete thought. A complete sentence must have at least one independent clause, which contains a subject and a verb and expresses a complete thought.

For example:

  • The cat sat on the windowsill.
  • I like to eat sweets on Friday nights.
  • She sings beautifully in the shower.

How can using active voice be useful?

In the active voice, the subject of the sentence achieves the action described by the verb.

For example :

  • “The cat chased the rat.”

(In this sentence, the subject is “the cat” and the verb is “chased,” so the cat is performing the action)

Passive Voice

In the passive voice, the subject of the sentence obtains the action expressed by the verb.

 For example:

  • “The rat was chased by the cat.” ( In this sentence, the subject is “the rat” and the verb is “was chased,” so the rat is receiving the action)

Use Capital letter

In written English, it is usual to start the first word of a sentence with a capital letter. This is known as the sentence case. Using capital letters correctly is a particular point of writing in English. It helps to make your writing understandable and easier to read. When starting sentences with a capital letter, you should also use capital letters for proper nouns, which are the particular names of people, places, organizations, and things.

For example

  • you should capitalize the names of countries, cities, and languages, as well as the names of people and organizations.

Do not use a double negative

Double negatives are ordinarily considered to be incorrect in standard English. A double negative occurs when two negative words are used in the same sentence to negate the same thing.

For example:

  • “I didn’t see nobody.”

 This sentence is examined to be incorrect because the two negative words (“didn’t” and “nobody”) cancel each other out, making the sentence mean the opposite of what it was intended to mean.

Instead, the correct way to phrase this sentence would be,

  • “I didn’t see anyone”.

Use Singular and Plural Nouns Correctly

To use singular and plural nouns correctly, it is important to first acknowledge the basic rules for forming plurals in English.

Here are some general rules for forming plurals

Most nouns form the plural by adding -s:

  • cat – cats
  • book – books
  • car – cars

Some nouns form the plural by adding -es:

  • box – boxes
  • church – churches
  • wish – wishes

A few nouns have irregular plurals that do not follow these patterns:

  • child – children
  • woman – women
  • foot – feet
  • tooth – teeth

Some nouns can be used as either singular or plural with no change in spelling:

  • deer, fish, sheep.

Some nouns have the same form for both singular and plural:

  • deer, fish, sheep

Here are some tips for using singular and plural nouns correctly:

  • make certain the verb agrees with the noun in number. If the noun is singular, then the verb must be singular. If the noun is plural, then the verb must be plural.
  • Be careful with nouns that can be either singular or plural depending on the context.

 For example

  • “The class” is singular, but “the classes” must be plural.

Use two Ideas with a Semicolon, Comma, or Conjunction

  • I want to go for a run in the park, but I also need to finish my work for the day. (Comma and conjunction “but”)
  • I love to cook and bake; my family always respects my culinary creations. (semicolon)

Correct Punctuation

Correct punctuation is important in English because it helps to clarify the meaning of sentences and makes writing easier to read. Some basic rules to follow include:

  • Apply a period at the end of a declarative sentence.
  • Apply a question mark at the end of a question.
  • Apply an exclamation point at the end of an exclamation.
  • Apply a comma to separate clauses in a sentence.
  • Apply a semicolon to separate independent clauses that are closely associated.

There are many other rules and guidelines for using punctuation in English, but these are some of the most basic ones.

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    Bilal Rafique, the person behind Ilmhere.com, works hard to create real and detailed educational content that helps people get better at English. Ilmhere.com is a website where you can learn English online. It covers lots of topics like English grammar, how to write applications, and other useful things to make learning easier.

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Bilal Rafique, the person behind Ilmhere.com, works hard to create real and detailed educational content that helps people get better at English. Ilmhere.com is a website where you can learn English online. It covers lots of topics like English grammar, how to write applications, and other useful things to make learning easier.

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