English Grammar

Infinitive With Examples and Its Types

Infinitives With Meaning, Definition and Examples In Urdu and English

Introduction: When we talk about the infinitive In Urdu then, we can either talk about the Present Infinitive or the Past Infinitive. Both of these forms are widely used in grammar, but they are quite different.
In this blog, we have identified the correct term and have explained it in an easily comprehensible manner with infinitive meaning, Definition and examples in Urdu and English.

Infinitive Meaning In Urdu

Infinitive Written in Urdu is مصدر and In Roman English, We write as a Musadar.

مصدر – Musadder

Definition of Infinitive In Urdu With Examples

An infinitive is a base if verb. Though it is formed out of a verb, it does not work as a verb. It is one of three verbal’s (non-finite verbs) we have in English.

Examples:

  • Bilal wanted to be the lead singer of the band.
  • He decided to leave early because he had to wake up early the next day.

Types of Infinitive In Urdu and English

  • Full infinitive
  • Split infinitive
  • Negative infinitive
  • Plain infinitive
  • Simple passive infinitive
  • Perfect infinitive
  • Perfect passive infinitive
  • Perfect progressive infinitive

Definition of Full infinitive In English

When “to + IV” works in a sentence as a noun is called the full infinitive.

  • Full infinitive used as a subject

Examples

A

  • Working hard is a good habit.
  • To help needy people is a good deed.

 

B

  • It is a good habit to work hard.
  • It is a good deed to help needy people.

Full infinitive used as an object

Examples

  • I wish to be there.
  • She agreed to teach.
  • We refused to work.
  • He denied singing.

Full infinitive used as a compliment after a noun

Examples

  • I have got many persons to meet.
  • She has got a lot of letters to write
  • He has hard work to do.

Infinitive With Examples and Its Types

Definition of the Split infinitive

When an adverb comes between “to” and the “verb” when it separates “to” and the “verb” from each other is called a split infinitive.

Examples

Split Infinitive

To fast drive in darkness is dangerous.

To honestly work increases a person’s honour.

To easily win this match is not an easy task.

Full Infinitive

To drive fast in darkness is dangerous.

To work honestly increases a person’s honour.

Winning this match easily is not an easy task.

Definition of  Negative infinitive

To make a negative infinitive, put “not” before “to”.

Examples

Correct

His decision not to take the exam is not in his favour.

Run fast not to lose the race.

Incorrect

His decision to not take the exam is not in his favor.

Run fast to not lose the race.

 

Definition of  Plain infinitive

The first form of the verb without “s”, “es”, and “Ing” is called bare/plain infinitive.

A plain infinitive is used after the causative verb “make”.

Examples

  • I am making him clean my room.
  • میں اس سے اپنا کمرہ صاف کروارہاہوں۔
  • I am making my room clean.
  •  اپنا کمرہ صاف کروا رہاہوں۔
  • I can speak English.
  • میں انگریزی بول سکتا ہوں۔

Definition of  Simple passive infinitive

“To be +IIV” is called simple passive.

Note: Passive infinitive “gives the passive meaning of “ The future indefinite tense.

Examples

A

A meeting is to be called on this issue.

A committee is to be made very soon.

A civil hospital is to be built in Khanewal.

A price control team is to be made to control prices of eatable goods in the month of Ramazan.

B

A meeting will be called on this issue.

A committee will be made very soon.

A civil hospital will be built in Khanewal.

A price control team will be made to control the prices of eatable goods in the month of Ramazan.

Infinitive With Examples and Its Types

Definition of  Perfect infinitive

“ To have +IIIV” is called the perfect infinitive.

Note: “ Perfect infinitive” gives different meanings on different occasions.

Examples

A

They are happy to have won the match.

I am sorry to have disturbed you.

I am sorry to have made you wait.

He is happy to have got a brand-new car.

B

They are happy that they won the match.

I am sorry that I disturbed you.

I am sorry that I made you wait.

He is happy that he has got a brand-new car.

Definition of  Perfect passive infinitive

The passive voice of the perfect infinitive.

Examples

A

He is said to have been arrested.

She is said to have been transferred.

They are said to have been beaten.

He was said to have been arrested.

B

It is said that she has been arrested.

It is said that she has been transferred.

It is said that they have been beaten.

It was said that he had been arrested.

Definition of  Perfect progressive infinitive

The perfect progressive infinitive expresses the idea with stress that an action has been in progress often before another action.

Note“The perfect progressive infinitive “gives the meaning of “ the present continuous and the past continuous tenses.

Examples

A

He lies to have been working the whole day.

He looks very tired. He seems to have been working for many hours.

He lied to have been working the whole day.

She presented to have been reading in the academy.

B

He lies that he has been working the whole day.

He looks very tired. It seems that he has been working for many hours.

He lied that he had been working the whole day.

She presented that she had been reading in the academy.

Infinitive and its Kinds

As we have discussed in detail infinitive with examples and its types in the above article. Make your time valuable and get a PDF of the Sentences without wasting time by clicking on the link below. for another article visit this link.

Author

  • ilmhere

    Bilal Rafique, the person behind Ilmhere.com, works hard to create real and detailed educational content that helps people get better at English. Ilmhere.com is a website where you can learn English online. It covers lots of topics like English grammar, how to write applications, and other useful things to make learning easier.

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ilmhere

Bilal Rafique, the person behind Ilmhere.com, works hard to create real and detailed educational content that helps people get better at English. Ilmhere.com is a website where you can learn English online. It covers lots of topics like English grammar, how to write applications, and other useful things to make learning easier.

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