Parts Of Speech

What Is A Preposition In English Grammar | 4 Types Of Preposition

What Is A Preposition In English Grammar 4 Types Of Preposition
Written by ilmhere

What Is A Preposition In Urdu and English?

As a non-native speaker, English grammar can be pretty challenging. There are many rules to learn, and one of the most confusing parts of English grammar is prepositions. Prepositions can be tricky because they have so many different uses and meanings. In this article, we will explore what prepositions are, how they are used, and some common examples.

Meaning Of Preposition

Preposition: حرف ربظ

Preposition Definition in Urdu and English

The word that shows the position of one thing with reference to another is known as a preposition. It is placed before or after a noun or pronoun.

Usually, prepositions are by, to, like, about, through, over, with, on, in, of, etc.

وہ لفظ جو ایک چیز کی پوزیشن کو دوسری کے حوالے سے ظاہر کرتا ہے اسے حرف ربط کہا جاتا ہے۔


There is a goat in the field.

کھیت میں ایک بکری ہے۔

He is fond of milkshakes.

وہ دودھ شیک کا پایا جاتا ہے۔

He goes to college by car.

وہ کار سے کالج جاتا ہے۔

Ali jumped off the chair.

علی کرسی سے کود گیا۔

List Of All prepositions in Urdu and English With Examples

Following are the uses of prepositions.


  • In
  • On
  • At


  • In
  • Onto
  • On
  • To
  • Towards


  • In
  • On
  • At
  • Within
  • By
  • For
  • Since
  • During
  • From to

Spatial relation

  • Limits
  • Relative Movements
  • Relative Relation

Using Prepositions to Indicate Location


tells us that the following noun is on a surface. On use when something is attached to or touched.


On the table.

میز پر۔

On the chair.

کرسی پر۔

Enclosed area


tells us the noun is in an enclosed space. Basically, when something is inside,


In a box.

ایک ڈبے میں۔

In a country.

ایک ملک میں۔



tell us that the following noun is located at a specific point or location. It shows the exact position.


He is waiting at the entrance.

وہ دروازے پر انتظار کر رہا ہے۔

Ali is waiting for you at the bus stop.

علی بس اسٹاپ پر تمہارا انتظار کر رہا ہے۔

Direction Of Preposition In Urdu


Definition: movement to a surface.


The cat jumped onto the table.

بلی میز پر کود پڑی۔

The cat laid on the table all afternoon.

بلی ساری دوپہر میز پر پڑی رہی۔


The movement toward an enclosed area


Asma put the cake into the oven.

عاصمہ نے کیک تندور میں ڈال دیا۔

The cake was in the oven.

کیک تندور میں تھا۔

The movement to a destination


When I saw Ali, he was walking toward his office.

میں نے علی کو دیکھا تو وہ اپنے دفتر کی طرف چل رہا تھا۔

They will drive to Karachi during the weekend.

وہ ہفتے کے آخر میں کراچی جائیں گے۔

Using Prepositions to Indicate Time in Urdu

Point: in on at



  • Parts of the day.

In the evening.

  • months.

In December.


  • Dates of the week

On Mondays.

  • Dates.

On (the) 6th (of) June.


  • Night

At night.

  • Holidays

At the weekend.

Extended: by, within, for, since, from, to, during.



I shall have it done by tomorrow.

میں اسے کل تک کر دوں گا۔


You should receive a reply within four days.

آپ کو چار دن کے اندر جواب ملنا چاہیے۔


He lived in Lahore for 5 months.

وہ 5 ماہ لاہور میں مقیم رہے۔

From to

We are open from 6 a.m. to 10 p.m. Every day.

ہم ہر روزصبح 6 بجے سے رات 10 بجے تک کھلے رہتے ہیں۔


He was taken to the hospital during the night.

رات گئے اسے ہسپتال لے جایا گیا۔


It was the band’s first live performance since June 1980.

جون 1980 کے بعد یہ بینڈ کی پہلی لائیو پرفارمنس تھی۔


Preposition Of verb In Urdu

Definition: To introduce the object of the verb.


He is suffering from a fever.

وہ بخار میں مبتلا ہے۔

He is looking at the blackboard.

وہ بلیک بورڈ کو دیکھ رہا ہے۔

Do not laugh at the poor.

غریبوں پر مت ہنسو۔

The dog is barking at a stranger.

کتا کسی اجنبی پر بھونک رہا ہے۔

Prepositional verb In Urdu

Definition: A prepositional verb combines a verb and a preposition.

Examples: look at, laugh at,  listen to, agree to, agree with, etc.


He is listening to music.

وہ موسیقی سن رہا ہے۔

He is suffering from a fever.

وہ بخار میں مبتلا ہے۔

She is waiting for him.

وہ اس کا انتظار کر رہی ہے۔

We agree with you.

ہم آپ سے متفق ہیں۔

Spatial relation 


  • Around
  • Along
  • within

Relative Movements

  • Against
  • Through
  • Out of
  • Through

Relative relation

  • Above
  • Over
  • Under
  • beneath
  • Between
  • Beside
  • Before
  • among
  • Ahead of



I am within the circle.

میں دائرے میں ہوں۔

The plane is flying beneath the clouds.

ہوائی جہاز بادلوں کے نیچے اڑ رہا ہے۔

We are against war.

ہم جنگ کے خلاف ہیں


PDF Download of Prepositions and Its Types In Urdu

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