Parts Of Speech

What Is A Preposition In English Grammar | 4 Types Of Preposition

What Is A Preposition In Urdu and English?

As a non-native speaker, English grammar can be pretty challenging. There are many rules to learn, and one of the most confusing parts of English grammar is prepositions. Prepositions can be tricky because they have so many different uses and meanings. In this article, we will explore what prepositions are, how they are used, and some common examples.

Meaning Of Preposition

Preposition: حرف ربظ

Preposition Definition in Urdu and English

The word that shows the position of one thing with reference to another is known as a preposition. It is placed before or after a noun or pronoun.

Usually, prepositions are by, to, like, about, through, over, with, on, in, of, etc.

وہ لفظ جو ایک چیز کی پوزیشن کو دوسری کے حوالے سے ظاہر کرتا ہے اسے حرف ربط کہا جاتا ہے۔

Examples

There is a goat in the field.

کھیت میں ایک بکری ہے۔

He is fond of milkshakes.

وہ دودھ شیک کا پایا جاتا ہے۔

He goes to college by car.

وہ کار سے کالج جاتا ہے۔

Ali jumped off the chair.

علی کرسی سے کود گیا۔

List Of All prepositions in Urdu and English With Examples

Following are the uses of prepositions.

Location

  • In
  • On
  • At

Direction

  • In
  • Onto
  • On
  • To
  • Towards

Time

  • In
  • On
  • At
  • Within
  • By
  • For
  • Since
  • During
  • From to

Spatial relation

  • Limits
  • Relative Movements
  • Relative Relation

Using Prepositions to Indicate Location

On

tells us that the following noun is on a surface. On use when something is attached to or touched.

Examples

On the table.

میز پر۔

On the chair.

کرسی پر۔

Enclosed area

In

tells us the noun is in an enclosed space. Basically, when something is inside,

Examples

In a box.

ایک ڈبے میں۔

In a country.

ایک ملک میں۔

Point

At

tell us that the following noun is located at a specific point or location. It shows the exact position.

Examples

He is waiting at the entrance.

وہ دروازے پر انتظار کر رہا ہے۔

Ali is waiting for you at the bus stop.

علی بس اسٹاپ پر تمہارا انتظار کر رہا ہے۔

Direction Of Preposition In Urdu

On\Onto

Definition: movement to a surface.

Examples

The cat jumped onto the table.

بلی میز پر کود پڑی۔

The cat laid on the table all afternoon.

بلی ساری دوپہر میز پر پڑی رہی۔

Preposition

The movement toward an enclosed area

Examples

Asma put the cake into the oven.

عاصمہ نے کیک تندور میں ڈال دیا۔

The cake was in the oven.

کیک تندور میں تھا۔

The movement to a destination

Examples

When I saw Ali, he was walking toward his office.

میں نے علی کو دیکھا تو وہ اپنے دفتر کی طرف چل رہا تھا۔

They will drive to Karachi during the weekend.

وہ ہفتے کے آخر میں کراچی جائیں گے۔

Using Prepositions to Indicate Time in Urdu

Point: in on at

Examples

In

  • Parts of the day.

In the evening.

  • months.

In December.

On

  • Dates of the week

On Mondays.

  • Dates.

On (the) 6th (of) June.

At

  • Night

At night.

  • Holidays

At the weekend.

Extended: by, within, for, since, from, to, during.

Examples     

By

I shall have it done by tomorrow.

میں اسے کل تک کر دوں گا۔

Within

You should receive a reply within four days.

آپ کو چار دن کے اندر جواب ملنا چاہیے۔

For

He lived in Lahore for 5 months.

وہ 5 ماہ لاہور میں مقیم رہے۔

From to

We are open from 6 a.m. to 10 p.m. Every day.

ہم ہر روزصبح 6 بجے سے رات 10 بجے تک کھلے رہتے ہیں۔

During

He was taken to the hospital during the night.

رات گئے اسے ہسپتال لے جایا گیا۔

Since

It was the band’s first live performance since June 1980.

جون 1980 کے بعد یہ بینڈ کی پہلی لائیو پرفارمنس تھی۔

Preposition

Preposition Of verb In Urdu

Definition: To introduce the object of the verb.

Examples         

He is suffering from a fever.

وہ بخار میں مبتلا ہے۔

He is looking at the blackboard.

وہ بلیک بورڈ کو دیکھ رہا ہے۔

Do not laugh at the poor.

غریبوں پر مت ہنسو۔

The dog is barking at a stranger.

کتا کسی اجنبی پر بھونک رہا ہے۔

Prepositional verb In Urdu

Definition: A prepositional verb combines a verb and a preposition.

Examples: look at, laugh at,  listen to, agree to, agree with, etc.

Examples

He is listening to music.

وہ موسیقی سن رہا ہے۔

He is suffering from a fever.

وہ بخار میں مبتلا ہے۔

She is waiting for him.

وہ اس کا انتظار کر رہی ہے۔

We agree with you.

ہم آپ سے متفق ہیں۔

Spatial relation 

Limits

  • Around
  • Along
  • within

Relative Movements

  • Against
  • Through
  • Out of
  • Through

Relative relation

  • Above
  • Over
  • Under
  • beneath
  • Between
  • Beside
  • Before
  • among
  • Ahead of

Examples                 

 

I am within the circle.

میں دائرے میں ہوں۔

The plane is flying beneath the clouds.

ہوائی جہاز بادلوں کے نیچے اڑ رہا ہے۔

We are against war.

ہم جنگ کے خلاف ہیں

Preposition

PDF Download of Prepositions and Its Types In Urdu

As discussed in detail in the above article, Make your time valuable and get PDF prepositions without wasting time by clicking on the link below. For another article, visit this link.

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  • ilmhere

    Bilal Rafique, the person behind Ilmhere.com, works hard to create real and detailed educational content that helps people get better at English. Ilmhere.com is a website where you can learn English online. It covers lots of topics like English grammar, how to write applications, and other useful things to make learning easier.

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ilmhere

Bilal Rafique, the person behind Ilmhere.com, works hard to create real and detailed educational content that helps people get better at English. Ilmhere.com is a website where you can learn English online. It covers lots of topics like English grammar, how to write applications, and other useful things to make learning easier.

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